August 9, 2022

Warming Trends: A Fin Whale Feeding Frenzy, The Reduced Carbon Footprint of The Tokyo Olympics, And A Tech Guru Trying To Bring Back The Woolly Mammoth

7 min read
Warming Trends: A Fin Whale Feeding Frenzy, The Reduced Carbon Footprint of The Tokyo Olympics, And A Tech Guru Trying To Bring Back The Woolly Mammoth

Less Olympic Personnel in Tokyo Resulted in Much Lower Carbon Emissions

The 2020 Tokyo Olympics Were Disrupted by The Coronavirus Outbreak. the Games Were Postponed by A Year, Spectators Were Not Permitted, and Little Extra Staff Was Employed.

The University of Otago in New Zealand’s James Higham, a Researcher in Tourism, Saw an Intriguing Possibility Presented by This Exceptional Occurrence. the Predicted Reduction in Carbon Emissions Caused by The Absence of Staff Members Like Judges, Referees, Reporters, Sponsors, and Other Representatives Who Would Typically Attend the Olympics Was Computed by Him and Eiji Ito of Chukyo University in Japan.

Based on Temporary Visiting Visa Data, the Researchers Calculated that The Number of Personnel, Which Would Have Been Approximately 141,000 without Pandemic Limitations, Was Cut to Approximately 30,000.

According to The Study, 129,686 Tonnes of Carbon Dioxide Emissions Would Have Been Produced if All 141,000 Projected Attendees Had Flown to Tokyo Instead of Taking Alternative Transportation.

The Carbon Footprint of Events Can Be Significantly Reduced if We Are Prepared to Do so And if We Commit to Doing So, Higham Added, Even Though This Wasn’t Done on Purpose.

Higham Argued that Now Is the Time for Significant, Well-Respected Events Like the Olympics to Seriously Consider Reducing Their Carbon Footprint as The Severity of The Climate Situation Worsens. Employing Local Referees and Judges for Events and Using Augmented and Virtual Reality to Enable Judges to Evaluate Performances Digitally Can All Be Good Places to Start, According to Him.

Higham Clarified that He Is Not Advocating that The Games Take Place in Stadiums that Are Empty Because Host Towns Rely on The Money that Tourists and Spectators Contribute to The Event.

Higham Clarified, “I’m Not Talking About a Fully Virtual Olympic Games. but In Order to Reimagine the Olympic Games and Other Events to Be Significantly More Sustainable than They Currently Are, We Must Incorporate These technologies and These Mentality Shifts.

Science

The Return Of The Fin Whale

The Water Around a Group of Many Fin Whales Feeding on Krill Appears to Be Boiling. the Whales’ Quick Movements Stir up The Water as They Lunge, Dive, and Surface in A Feeding Frenzy.

Marine Mammal Ecologist Helena Herr Recalls that Particular Scene. in 2018, She Saw the Fin Whale Congregation in The Southern Ocean Close to The Antarctic Peninsula, and She Recorded It in A Study that Was Just This Month Published in The Journal Scientific Reports. Prior to Industrial Whaling, Such Behaviour Has Not Been Observed Since the Early 20th Century.

In the Southern Ocean, Intensive Whaling Started in 1904 and Continued until It Was Banned in 1976. a Population of Just a Few Thousand Fin Whales Remained After 700,000 of Them Were Killed at That Time. However, Since the 2000s, an Increasing Number of Fin Whales Have Been Spotted, and They Are Now Known to Gather in Massive Feeding Aggregations of Up to 150 Whales.

Warming Trends: A Fin Whale Feeding Frenzy, The Reduced Carbon Footprint of The Tokyo Olympics, And A Tech Guru Trying To Bring Back The Woolly Mammoth

“in Our Times, It Is a Very Encouraging Sign to See a Huge Mammal Species Rebound,” Said Herr of The University of Hamburg in Germany. “usually, What We Hear Is the Opposite: We Are Not Gaining Any Conservation Triumphs, We Just Hear About Another Species Dying or Going Extinct.” a Huge Whale Species or A Large Mammalian Species Recovering Is Unusual. and I Believe It Should Serve as A Lesson for Us About Our Ability to Affect Change if We Properly Enforce Management and Conservation.

Fin Whales Are Essential Components of The Southern Ocean’s Ecosystem. They Consume the Tiny Crustaceans Known as Krill and Urinate Iron-Rich Waste Products that Help Fertilise the Phytoplankton the Krill Consume. the “whale Pump” Cycle, Which Boosts Phytoplankton Production, Can Help Improve Carbon Sequestration in The Ocean. Through Photosynthesis, Which Removes Carbon Dioxide from The Atmosphere, the Organisms Store Carbon.

To Aid Further Fin Whale Conservation, Herr Hopes to Advance the Research. She Wants to Determine Where Fin Whales Breed so That They Might Be Safeguarded There After She and Others Have Seen the Creatures in Their Feeding Grounds.

“We Must Continue. We Can’t Just Say, “oh, Everything Is Ok.” the Fin Whales Have Returned as Of Late, Herr Said. “recovery Is only Getting Started.”

Culture

The Woolly Mammoth Is Back?

Stewart Brand, a Longtime Environmentalist, Thinks that Humanity Can Use Technology and Power to Address the Climate and Biodiversity Challenges. in 1968, He Declared, “we Are as Gods, and We Might as Well Become Good at It.”

It’s a Contentious Viewpoint. but Brand, 83, Has Spent His Entire Life at The Forefront of New Concepts and Inventions that Later Became Popular, from His Time in San Francisco in The Late 1960s, when He Experimented with Lsd, to His Time in The 1980s, when He Invented the “personal Computer,” to His Self-Publishing of The Whole Earth Catalog of Tools, Which Later Served as An Inspiration to Steve Jobs. Now for Brand’s Most Recent Interest: Reviving Extinct Creatures. to Be Precise, the Woolly Mammoth.

Next month, a new documentary about Brand will be released in theatres in New York and Los Angeles. The documentary, “We Are As Gods,” was made by David Alvarado and Jason Sussberg. It explores Brand’s contentious work on de-extinction as well as his life of foresight.

Alvarado and Sussberg recently spoke with Inside Climate News about the movie. For length and clarity, this dialogue has been gently modified.

Why Did You Decide to Focus on Stewart Brand in This Movie?

Sussberg: One of our main concerns coming into this was how he managed to be on the cutting edge of everything all the time. Back to the beginning of the environmental movement, he has been involved in everything from the culture with the summer of love to science, technology, and engineering with the internet. everything he has been at the forefront of.

We took him seriously when he asserted that it was possible to save species from extinction. “Well, if he’s saying that, then it probably will happen,” we say. And whether or not we believed it would happen, there would be a lot of fascinating talks surrounding it that we could use as the basis for a compelling story. No matter whether we believed it was a good idea or a horrible idea, it didn’t really matter. The fact that there was a debate we could build a documentary around made it more intriguing.

How Did You Handle the Conflict with Stewart and How Did You Handle This Disagreement without Truly Supporting One Side Over the Other?

Sussberg: He’s controversial or unconventional because he constantly questions his own presuppositions and asks, “How can I think about this differently?” Is my current way of thinking an ideological trap where if I believe in X, it determines whether or not I will believe in Y? He continually tries to approach situations in a sort of hungry, naive way, asking, “OK, what do we know?” He has a new perspective on everything and approaches everything with an open mind.

And where am I mistaken? What will I be mistaken about in ten years? He has therefore never been afraid to consider unconventional ideas and push both himself and others to their limits.

Alvarado: It sounds absurd and far-fetched when you consider the woolly mammoth, for sure. However, I believe Stewart interprets it as a suggestion that perhaps there is a method to stop the extinctions that we stupid humans have caused. Rather it isn’t the mammoth; perhaps it is merely a representation of the capacity to achieve that. Today, there are species that are almost extinct. What if this technology for preventing extinction may play a crucial and indispensable role in saving those species?

What Do You Want The Audience to Remember About This Movie?

Alvarado: Since we don’t claim to have the solutions, we want people to leave having a discussion about it. We try to provide the viewers the opportunity to leave with their own perspectives, perhaps newly formed ones, but also possibly ones that differ from someone else they watched the movie with. We do this by illustrating concepts and actions via people, the individuals involved in science and technology. So, the real aim of the conversation is that.

SOLUTIONS Chili Peppers Roasted in the Sun

In New Mexico, Ken Armijo’s family has been cultivating heirloom chili peppers for many years. These peppers are roasted to bring out their robust taste and used in a variety of dishes, including enchiladas, pizza, and spaghetti. According to one of the farm’s tenets, “If we’re nice to the land and the environment, the land and the environment will be good to us,”

He applied that method of thinking to his work as an engineer at Sandia National Lab in Albuquerque, where he discovered novel applications for solar energy beyond electricity. With his most recent endeavor, Armijo went back to his roots by roasting chili peppers with focused solar energy rather than propane, a fossil fuel.

For Hispanics and Latinos in the Southwest, chili peppers are a significant component of most of the food, according to Armijo. “Chili peppers have been in my family for a very long time,” she added. “I think this is a really wonderful chance to show how culture and technology can coexist,” the speaker said.

Typically, 20 to 40 pounds of chilis are packed into a perforated steel drum and rotated for a few minutes over a gas flame. Using a few dozen mirrors to focus sunlight on the drum, Armijo’s solar-powered chili roaster roasts the peppers without the use of a flame or fuel.

He gave volunteers a blind taste test of his solar-roasted chilis versus those toasted with propane to see which they preferred. According to Armijo, many people preferred the solar-roasted chili over the propane-roasted chili because it was cooked more evenly and had a cleaner flavor.

He claimed that this is a promising, long-term replacement for other roasted foods. “Aside from chili peppers, how might this affect, say, roasting coffee? Alternatively, do you toast grains to make porter, stout, and beer? Or different cuisines?”

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