The United Nations Secretary-General guided the World Meteorological Organization (WMO), which led a coalition of international organisations in producing a report that synthesises the most recent scientific findings on the effects of climate change and possible solutions. The report was produced under the direction of the WMO. This report calls attention to “the enormous gap between intentions and reality” and advocates “much more ambitious action” to combat the deteriorating effects of global warming on both the economy and the physical world.
The World Meteorological Organization (WMO), the United Nations Environment Programme (UNEP), the United Kingdom’s Met Office (Met Office), the United Nations Office for Disaster Risk Reduction (UNDRR), the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC), and the World Climate Research Programme (WCRP), which is sponsored by the WMO and the Intergovernmental Oceanographic Commission of the United Nations Educational, Scientific, and Cultural Organization (UNESCO), all make contributions. The World Meteorological Organization (WMO) was established in order (ISC).
According to the findings of the research, prompt action is required to both cut emissions and adapt to the changing climate. It has also been pointed out that natural disasters brought on by climate change “regress progress towards fulfilling the [SDGs] and worsen existing poverty and inequality.” The purpose of this study is to assemble scientific facts on some of the ramifications of climate change both now and in the future in order to assist policymakers in making decisions that are educated and well-informed.
The individual chapters of the report, each of which was written by a different author, discuss a variety of topics, including greenhouse gas (GHG) concentrations, global greenhouse gas emissions and budgets, the state of the global climate in 2018–2022, global climate predictions for 2022–2026, the emissions gap, climate system tipping points, climate change in urban areas, extreme weather events and their socioeconomic impacts, and supporting adaptation and disaster risk reduction (DRR) through early warning systems. All of these topics are included in the
We can identify the following five main themes in the report:
- The concentration of greenhouse gases in the atmosphere is gradually increasing. Following a temporary drop in 2020 and 2021 because of lockdowns brought on by COVID-19, fossil fuel emissions have once again climbed to levels that are higher than they were before the epidemic.
- Both the surface temperature of the Earth and the average temperature of its oceans have undergone exceptional increases in the past few years. Within the next five years, there is a transient probability of 48% that the annual mean temperature will be at least 1.5 degrees Celsius higher than it was between the years 1850 and 1900 for at least one of those years.
- However, existing attempts to mitigate climate change do not come close to meeting the requirements that are necessary to accomplish the goals of the Paris Agreement. More extreme actions are required if we are to put a stop to the continued warming of the planet, which raises the prospect of “tipping points” in the climate system, also known as changes that cannot be undone.
- There are billions of individuals all around the world who are experiencing the effects of climate change. It is estimated that metropolitan areas are the source of up to 70 per cent of all pollution caused by man. The ever-increasing socioeconomic ramifications that metropolitan inhabitants are experiencing will have the most severe impact on the most defenceless people on the planet.
- Adaptation is absolutely necessary if one wants to decrease the severity of impending climate-related calamities. By using early warning systems, lives can be saved, losses and damages can be reduced, disaster risk reduction can be improved, and adaptation to climate change can be strengthened.
At the launch on September 13, 2022, the Secretary-General of the World Meteorological Organization, Petteri Taalas, stated that the growing frequency and severity of extreme weather events due to human-induced climate change has revealed the urgent need to “scale up action on early warning systems to build resilience to current and future climate risks in vulnerable communities.” Taalas made this statement because the increasing frequency and severity of extreme weather events are due to human-induced climate change. On March 23, 2022, World Meteorological Day,
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United Nations Secretary-General António Guterres made the initial announcement regarding the project. He stated that the World Meteorological Organization (WMO) “is driving an endeavour to ensure Early Warnings for All in the next five years.”
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