For the best possible plant growth, the grow room must have adequate ventilation. To thrive, cannabis plants need sufficient airflow and clean air. If you’ve opted to employ a vertical racking system, installing an exhaust and ventilation system is crucial.
Within an indoor growing room, the ventilation system controls atmospheric conditions like temperature, humidity, and CO2 levels. These elements have an immediate impact on photosynthesis, which affects plant growth and development.
Artificially creating the ideal conditions for plant development is known as indoor growing. This ecosystem is built by combining a number of interconnected systems to give your plants the perfect setting.
Four Advantages of Proper Air Circulation
Here are a few justifications for why a proper grow room ventilation system is essential.
1. Maintains Optimal CO2 Levels
During photosynthesis, green plants create nutrition from carbon dioxide and water. Because an indoor operation is a closed system, plants gradually exhaust this vital resource.
Indefinite access to outdoors fresh air gives plants the critical CO2 they require to continue producing food for themselves. Keeping carbon dioxide levels at ideal levels encourages plant growth and yield.
2. Humidity Control
Plants discharge water into the atmosphere through transpiration. This procedure can turn your grow room into a pest breeding ground by making space with poor ventilation damp. The temperature is also increased by the humid surroundings.
Excess moisture is removed via an efficient ventilation system, which keeps the climate conducive to plant roots absorbing nutrient-rich water. More wholesome plants will come from this.
3. Temperature Management
Temperature-control and monitoring thermometer for a marijuana grow room.
To simulate the effects of sunlight indoors, grow lights are utilised. These lights also produce heat, which could raise the temperature in your surroundings.
Promoting efficient air circulation helps lessen the consequences of temperature rise.
4. Make Plant Stems Stronger
An illustration of a cannabis plant stem growing inside using vertical farming techniques
Winds blow on plants in an open field, and the swaying encourages the development of a stem that can support the plants even when they are producing fruits or seeds.
This adaption is strengthened by a ventilation system, which enables your plants to support maturing buds.
A ventilation system is necessary to achieve these advantages because it regulates temperature and humidity levels and provides plants with CO2 for photosynthesis.
These four pieces of gear can be used to do this;
- Grow room fans
- Exhaust system
- CO2 burners
- And air conditioning
Important Elements of A Great Ventilation System
Grow Room Fans
the powerful fan in the cannabis grows room. Order grow trays, mobile carts, and racks for vertical farming.
The range of 72 to 800 F is ideal for indoor gardens. 80 – 850 F is the best temperature range for CO2-enhanced grow rooms. The equipment used in ventilation systems helps keep these ranges in good condition. A typical device for air circulation is a powered fan.
Fans come in a variety of types and sizes to fit a range of applications. Typical fans include:
Bringing fresh air from outside into the grow room are intake fans.
Oscillating Fans: They assist in moving the air that the intake fans have drawn in.
Exhaust Fans: The fans draw the stale air out of the space like a vacuum.
Inline Fans: These fans draw in fresh air while allowing warm air to escape.
How many fans you need and how much output they must produce to achieve the best ventilation results depend on the size of your operation. The CFM is calculated to determine the fan power.
For Your Commercial Indoor Grow, Choosing the Right Exhaust Fan
Calculating the cubic feet per minute is necessary before you can establish the actual fan and exhaust system requirements, such as size and power (CFM).
For the specified space size, the CFM gauges the quantity of air exchange needed per minute. After doing your calculations, it’s just a matter of going to the store to buy your fan because most exhaust fans in the US have a CFM rating.
How to Determine the Required CFM
1. Calculate the Size of Your Space
Multiplying your space’s Length, Width, and Height yields the volume. This volume of air should be expelled at least once every minute.
2. Exhaust Effectiveness
The effectiveness of your air circulation system can be affected by a number of elements in the grow room. These include the ducting passage, interference from nearby carbon filters, and heat from lighting.
After the air has passed through the fan, an effective system has it moving in a brief, straight course. When determining CFM, you must account for the loss when the air must pass around a turn and through a carbon filter.
(Grow space width, length, and height) / 5 is the formula for recommended CFM.
When a carbon filter is present, increase the CFM by 20%.
(Grow space width, length, and height) / 5 x 1.2 = CFM
3. Position the Fan in Accordance with The Final Cfm Rating.
To adjust for any inaccuracies, choose a fan with a greater CFM rating than you calculated. Keep in mind that the CFM value is provided by the fans. Take your measurement with you if math is not your strong suit. Your retailer can assist in calculating the CFM.
Should you immediately purchase your fans now that you have determined the CFM? No, not exactly. You must choose the best configuration for your intake system. These fall into two categories;
- Active intake systems.
Selecting Active vs. Passive Air Intake
Passive Intake System
Grow tent farmers frequently use passive intake. Instead of using an intake fan, the design allows the inline exhaust fan to draw air out of the tent through holes, creating a vacuum. Fresh air is consequently brought into the tent from the outside.
To exert negative pressure inside the grow tent is the goal. As a result, the air pressure in your room will be lower than that of the surroundings, encouraging a passive system.
In order to achieve sufficient suction without overtaxing the fans, an effective system contains intake holes that are up to three times larger than exhaust holes. To do this in your grow room, make sure that the exhaust fan’s aperture is greater than the intake fan, door, and windows.
Because the tent isn’t completely shut, bugs can enter your grow room, which is the problem with this approach. This technique might also disperse an unwelcome odour.
Read Also: Know how To Store Cannabis Seeds Long Term
An additional fan is used in an active intake to draw in more air into the grow chamber. For industrial-sized output, this approach is effective.
You may get the appropriate ventilation equipment for your operation by taking the CFM and intake system into consideration.
Despite being connected, the exhaust system is made up of a few more parts than the fans.
Exhaust System 2.
The exhaust system is a further element of the grow ventilation system that you should take into account.
The ventilation system improves the health and productivity of your plants by removing stale air, and excess heat, and bringing in cold air.
Grow fans, which are a component of the exhaust system, have already been covered. Now let’s examine two additional parts that are crucial to the system: ducting and a carbon filter.
In the cannabis grow chamber, ducts. Order grow trays, movable carriages, and equipment for vertical farming. The components of the exhaust system are connected by ducting, which resembles a tube. Additionally, it controls the flow of air into and out of the grow room. A fan requires greater force to pull or push air when the ducting is longer and has several twins and twists. The efficiency of your system is increased by using shorter ducting with fewer angles.
As they develop, cannabis plants can give off a potent scent. Although this isn’t a concern for the environment, it can nevertheless have a bad stench that may necessitate the installation of carbon filters.
Before being released into the atmosphere, carbon filters remove the overpowering marijuana odour from the air. The filters are useful for removing other airborne pollutants including insecticides.
3. Burners for Co2
A carbon dioxide generating device is a CO2 burner or generator. Plants quickly run out of CO2, a crucial component of photosynthesis, in an enclosed space. The burner helps to maintain the yields of your plants by constantly maintaining adequate photosynthesis.
The burners do, however, also release water vapour in addition to carbon dioxide, which raises the temperature in the to grow chamber. Air conditioners and dehumidifiers might help to solve this issue and provide optimum airflow.
Air conditioning is the last requirement for the perfect ventilation system in a cannabis grow room.
4. Air Conditioning
picture of cannabis grows room with two air conditioners set to ventilate it. MMI Agriculture sells vertical grow racks and other equipment for vertical farming. For removing extra heat and assisting in maintaining the right temperature in your grow area, air conditioners are crucial.
The size of an air conditioner is influenced by a number of factors.
Lighting Apparatus: Heat produced by grow lights like HIDs and fluorescent lights might upset the temperature equilibrium in the grow room.
As was already mentioned, the size of the room will determine the amount of output that the machinery needs to produce in order to perform its purpose.
CO2 Equipment: CO2 burners produce water vapour and carbon dioxide, which raises the temperature in a grow room.
The Lighting System’s Ballast: Each grows lamp’s voltage is managed by ballasts. Without ballasts, lights may draw excessive current all at once, overheating. When choosing an AC, you must take into account the heat that the ballasts produce.
Read Also: Medical Cannabis Seed Germination Procedure
In Your Indoor Vertical Farm, Control Airflow.
For your ventilation system, you only need fans, an exhaust system, and CO2 burners if you have a small farm; however, a commercial growth setup might not be the best fit.
Automating motorised fans with atmospheric controls that have thermostats and humidistats built in keeps the atmosphere steady.
Stay tuned to enviro360 for more infotainment news.